Until quite recently, the popular view on the subject was that it was actually “all in the mind”. In fact, the American Psychological Association still classifies the sexual issues in females as a mental disorder.
However, specialists in this field of science are looking closely at different aspects, and these include the physical, physiological, psychological, cultural, environmental and also on relationship issues to know the root cause of the ailment.
Some recent researches done by these medical experts have pointed some out some factors that could be responsible for FSD. These factors include:
?Inadequate flow of blood – Sufficient amount of blood flow in the pelvic region is essential for sexual arousal. Decreased amount of blood flow (especially in the clitoris) negatively affects arousal, while also reducing sensitivity. The result could be vaginal dryness. The less amount of blood flow is also attributed to some medical conditions such as heart diseases, atherosclerosis or the hardening of the arteries and diabetes.
?Damage in the nervous system – The damage, more specifically in the pelvic region can inhibit sensitivity. One known factor is diabetes which harms the peripheral nervous system. Also, injury in the spinal cord or surgeries associated with lower abdomen, reproductive organs or pelvis can also cause these effects.
?Hormonal – Testosterone and estrogen actively participate in the sexual arousal and function in female body. It is for this reason that many women undergoing hysterectomy or menopause experience reduced sexual desires and vaginal dryness. Additionally, one can feel the impaired sensitivity of the clitoris and breasts.
Scientists also believe that reduced desires to engage in sexual activities could be a result of prolonged exposure to contraceptive pills, since these affect the levels of hormones present in the body.
The hormonal as well as the emotional imbalances are also known to occur during and after pregnancy and more particularly if the mother opts for breast-feeding. There are a few imbalances associated with these, and could lead to reduced sensitivity and sexual desires.
?Role of the partner – Now, emphasis is also being placed on the role of the sexual partner in overcoming FSD. Factors such as poor communication, insufficient knowledge about the female anatomy, the physical processes involved, nature of stimulation and also a women’s incapability to express her sexual desires frankly could lead to this ailment.
There are quite a lot of other factors that can be blamed for the occurrence of FSD. These are:
?Anxiety or depression – the drugs used for the treatment of these disorders can also be major contributors to FSD. Certain anti-depressants such as Xanax® and Prozac® are known to cause such diseases.
?Dependency on drugs and alcohol.
?Fatigue, stress and other emotional factors play a huge role here. Stress and concerns about the family, work, children, finances, health-related and also household issues can leave women with disinterest in sex.
?Incest or sexual abuse.
?Guilt about engaging in sexual activities and feelings of shame within.
?The fear of catching a sexually transmitted disease or attaining pregnancy.